Descartes and the paradigm of Western medicine: an essay


  • Paulo Nuno Martins Interuniversity Center for History of Science and Technology, New University of Lisbon, Campus of Caparica, Building VII, Floor 2, 2829-516 Caparica, Portugal.


Science and the paradigm of Western medicine, Cartesian Dualism, Cartesian Mechanicism, New paradigm of medicine (Integrative medicine).


This essay is a contribution to the study of the CartesianDualism (separation of mind and body) and Mechanicism (the body is a machine) that have contributed to the paradigm of Western medicine. These Cartesian ideas of separation and fragmentation of the reality have hampered the implementation of the new paradigm in health care in contemporary society, where the patient is seen in an holistic way: soul-mind-body.




How to Cite

Martins, P. N. (2018). Descartes and the paradigm of Western medicine: an essay. International Journal of Recent Advances in Science and Technology, 5(3), 32–34. Retrieved from